is a town that lies 45 km south of Tanga, Pangani District in northeast Tanzania. The town lies at the mouth of the river of the same name.
Although archaeologists have found the remains of small 15th century settlements on the bluffs just north of Pangani, the modern town came to prominence in the nineteenth century, when, under nominal Zanzibari rule, it was a major terminus of caravan routes to the deep interior. From the 1860s onward townspeople established large plantations of sugar and coconut in Mauya, along the banks of the river just west of town.
The plantations were worked by slave labor, and Pangani also became an important center of the slave trade, shipping captives taken in the wars attendant on the collapse of the Shambaa kingdom in the Usambara mountains to the plantations of Pemba and Zanzibar. After the Sultan of Zanzibar signed treaties with Great Britain outlawing the ocean-going trade in slaves in 1873, Pangani became a center for smuggling slaves across the narrow channel to Pemba, in evasion of British warships.
Do you want to experience the palm fringed beaches, the coral and fish, and the Swahili culture of the Indian Ocean Coast, without the hustle and bustle of busy Zanzibar? Why not let us share our own favourite 'secret' destination on the coast with you. We can arrange for you to stay at a select and intimate lodge in Pangani, on Tanzania's mainland coast. This area like Zanzibar is steeped in history and Swahili culture. Here you can enjoy the beaches, diving, fishing, and water sports, and the very highest standards of accommodation.