Zanzibar is an archipelago consisting of two main Islands of Unguja (commonly referred to as Zanzibar Island), Pemba and about 51 other surrounding small islets. Zanzibar is a partner state in the United Republic of Tanzania with the Mainland. The name Zanzibar is derived from a combination of two Arabic words, 'Zenj', meaning black, and 'bar', being the Arabic word for land, resulting in the ancient title 'Land of the Blacks'. As Zanzibar absorbed peoples from as far as the Orient and Iberia, Assyria and India. Pemba is the second largest island of the Archipelago, named Al-khudra "The Green Island” by the Arabic mariners. It is famous for its clove production and its channels offer some of the best diving experiences in East Africa.
The famous tropical spice island of Zanzibar has drawn travelers for centuries. Home to the unique Swahili culture, which blends African, Arabic and Indian cultures, the islands long rich history is evident in the many historical sights and in the living culture of it's friendly inhabitants. The island is dotted with the ruins of Arabic palaces and forts, and plantations of fragrant cinnamon and clove trees.
Zanzibar cultures became more diverse in its range, more unique in its expression. It is here that the Africa Culture blended with other cultures mainly Persian, Arabic and Indian to forms Swahili Culture. Today the romance, the splendor and legends of the past are still vibrantly alive, traditional sailing dhows, carved wooden and doors, chests, the scent of the clove and the smile of the hospitable people welcomes you to Zanzibar.
It has many beautiful beaches and coral reefs, and the warm, calm, clear water means great swimming, snorkeling and diving. We recommend a couple of nights in the historic Stone Town and as much time as you can spare to relax at the beach.